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|Title:||Transient directional solidification of a eutectic Al–Si–Ni alloy: macrostructure, microstructure, dendritic growth and hardness|
|Abstract:||The Al-11 wt%Si-5 wt%Ni eutectic alloy was directionally solidified (DS) under transient heat flow conditions at cooling rates in a range of about 1–25 °C/s along the length of the casting. For comparison purposes binary Al-11 wt%Si and Al-5 wt%Ni alloys were also solidified under similar experimental conditions. Initially characterized by columnar grains, the macrostructure of the ternary DS alloy casting evolved during solidification to a columnar to equiaxed transition (CET) at critical cooling rates of about 1.3–1.6 °C/s, i.e. more than 7 times higher than the CET critical value determined in the literature for Al–Ni and Al–Si alloys. The microstructure of the ternary alloy casting is shown to be constituted by primary Si crystals and α-Al dendritic branches surrounded by the eutectic phase (α-Al+Si+Al3Ni), with the Al3Ni phase having initially a plate-like morphology, which with the decrease in the solidification kinetics, evolved to a fishbone morphology. The pertinent scaling laws representing the dendritic growth of the eutectic ternary alloy, properly compared to those of the examined Al–Si and Al–Ni binary alloys are outlined. The scale of the dendritic α-Al phase is shown to affect the Vickers hardness (HV) along the length of the ternary eutectic alloy casting, and a Hall–Petch type equation is proposed relating HV to the secondary dendritic arm spacing|
|Appears in Collections:||FEM - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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