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|Title:||Challenges in providing compatible blood with Rh genotype-matching in brazilian patients with sickle cell disease|
|Author:||Santos, T. D.|
Macedo, M. D.
Menegati, S. F. P.
|Abstract:||The aim of this study was to verify the possibility of performing prophylactic Rh genotype-matching in Brazilian patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) and identify the genotypes that are lacking or insufficient in our donor cohort. Rh alloimmunisation is still a challenge in transfused patients with SCD. Rh genotype-matching may mitigate Rh alloimmunisation. We examined the transfusion requests for antigen-matched donor units in SCD patients with Rh variants and compared the Rh altered alleles in the patients to the Rh allele frequency in a selected donor population. For each patient and donor, RBC antigen genotyping was performed using HEA, RHD and RHCE BeadChip arrays. Sequencing was used to clarify inconclusive results. Twenty-one patients and 956 Brazilian blood donors were genotyped. Results According to our matching strategies, 47 center dot 6% of patients filled most of their unit requests, but 52 center dot 4% of patients had insufficient donors to fill their annual transfusion needs. We found different combinations of RHCE variant alleles in patients and donors, but the most frequent genotypes that are lacking or insufficient in our donor cohort are those associated with the lack of hr(B) and hr(S) high prevalence antigens and those co-inherited with altered RHD alleles. Our study shows that the provision of compatible blood with Rh genotype-matching in Brazilian patients with SCD can be feasible but challenging and, efficient strategies of recruitment of African-Brazilian donors must be developed|
|Appears in Collections:||FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
HEMO - Artigos e Outros Documentos
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