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Type: Artigo
Title: The pneumatron: an automated pneumatic apparatus for estimating xylem vulnerability to embolism at high temporal resolution
Author: Pereira, Luciano
Bittencourt, Paulo R. L.
Pacheco, Vinicius S.
Miranda, Marcela T.
Zhang, Ya
Oliveira, Rafael S.
Groenendijk, Peter
Machado, Eduardo C.
Tyree, Melvin T.
Jansen, Steven
Rowland, Lucy
Ribeiro, Rafael V.
Abstract: Xylem vulnerability to embolism represents an important trait to determine species distribution patterns and drought resistance. However, estimating embolism resistance frequently requires time-consuming and ambiguous hydraulic lab measurements. Based on a recently developed pneumatic method, we present and test the "Pneumatron", a device that generates high time-resolution and fully automated vulnerability curves. Embolism resistance is estimated by applying a partial vacuum to extract air from an excised xylem sample, while monitoring the pressure change over time. Although the amount of gas extracted is strongly correlated with the percentage loss of xylem conductivity, validation of the Pneumatron was performed by comparison with the optical method for Eucalyptus camaldulensis leaves. The Pneumatron improved the precision of the pneumatic method considerably, facilitating the detection of small differences in the (percentage of air discharged [PAD] < 0.47%). Hence, the Pneumatron can directly measure the 50% PAD without any fitting of vulnerability curves. PAD and embolism frequency based on the optical method were strongly correlated (r(2) = 0.93) for E. camaldulensis. By providing an open source platform, the Pneumatron represents an easy, low-cost, and powerful tool for field measurements, which can significantly improve our understanding of plant-water relations and the mechanisms behind embolism
Subject: Cavitação
Country: Reino Unido
Editor: Wiley
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1111/pce.13647
Date Issue: 2020
Appears in Collections:IB - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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