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|Title:||Determinants of successful tracheostomy decannulation in children: a multicentric cohort study|
Lubianca Neto, J.F.
Gomes Avelino, M.
|Abstract:||Determining prognostic factors for the probability of tracheostomy decannulation is key to an adequate therapeutic plan.MethodsA retrospective cohort study of 160 paediatric patients undergoing tracheostomy was conducted. Associations between different parameters and eventual tracheostomy decannulation were assessed.ResultsMean follow-up duration was 27.8 months (interquartile range = 25.5-30.2 months). Median age at tracheostomy was 6.96 months (interquartile range = 3.37-29.42 months), with median tracheostomy maintenance of 14.5 months (interquartile range = 3.7-21.5 months). The overall tracheostomy decannulation rate was 22.5 per cent. Factors associated with a higher probability of tracheostomy decannulation included age at tracheostomy (hazard ratio = 1.11, 95 per cent confidence interval = 1.03-1.18) and post-intubation laryngitis as an indication for tracheostomy (hazard ratio = 2.25, 95 per cent confidence interval = 1.09-4.62). Neurological (hazard ratio = 0.30, 95 per cent confidence interval = 0.12-0.80) and pulmonary (hazard ratio = 0.41, 95 per cent confidence interval = 0.18-0.91) co-morbidities were negatively associated with tracheostomy decannulation. The probability of tracheostomy decannulation decreased significantly with increasing numbers of co-morbidities (p < 0.001).ConclusionAge, post-intubation laryngitis, and number and type of co-morbidities influence tracheostomy decannulation rate in the paediatric population|
|Editor:||Cambridge University Press|
|Appears in Collections:||FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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