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|Title:||Young head and neck cancer patients are at increased risk of developing oral mucositis and trismus|
de Lima Correia, J.
de Castro Júnior, G.
da Graça Pinto, H.
|Abstract:||Objectives: To evaluate cancer treatment–related toxicities in young head and neck cancer (HNC) patients. Material and methods: A total of 44 patients were included in the present retrospective cohort study, which was designed to access oral toxicities of cancer treatment in young (< 45 years of age, Group I, n = 22) and old (> 58 years of age, Group II, n = 22) HNC patients with similar tumor stage and treatment protocols. Oral mucositis (OM), xerostomia, dysphagia, dysgeusia, trismus, and radiodermatitis were assessed during days 7th, 21st, and 35th of head and neck radiotherapy (HNRT) according to previously validated scales (World Health Organization criteria and the National Cancer Institute and Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0). Results: Patients from both groups showed high incidence and severity of oral toxicities by the end of the HNRT with OM (81.9% (Group I); 63.6% (Group II)) and xerostomia (72.6% (Group I); 77.2% (Group II)) being the most prevalent toxicities. No differences regarding xerostomia, dysphagia, dysgeusia, and radiodermatitis incidences or severity could be observed between groups. However, higher incidences and severity of OM at 21st and 35th fractions (odds ratio = 2.22 and 5.71, respectively) and trismus at 21st and 35th fractions (odds ratio = 6.17 and 14.5, respectively) were observed throughout the treatment in young patients when compared to older patients (p < 0.01 and p < 0.05, respectively). Conclusion: Young HNC patients are more affected by cancer treatment–related OM and trismus despite the similarities in clinical staging and treatment protocols with elderly patients.|
|Subject:||Neoplasias de cabeça e pescoço|
|Appears in Collections:||FOP - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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