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Type: Artigo
Title: Modified QuEChERS method for phenolic compounds determination in mustard greens (brassica juncea) using UHPLC-MS/MS
Author: Nicácio, Antonio Eduardo
Rodrigues, Carina Alexandra
Jardim, Isabel Cristina Sales Fontes
Visentainer, Jesuí Vergilio
Maldaner, Liane
Abstract: A modified QuEChERS method (Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged, and Safe) for the determination of fifteen phenolic compounds in mustard greens (Brassica juncea) using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) analysis was developed. The QuEChERS partitioning step and dispersive solid phase extraction (d-SPE) clean-up sorbents were investigated, aimed at phenolic compound extraction and pigment removal, respectively. QuEChERS acetate version combined with 25 mg of diatomaceous earth (DE) and 5.0 mg of graphitized carbon black (GCB) provided the best conditions for sample preparation of the target compounds. Under the optimized conditions, all phenolic compounds showed good linearity (r ≥ 0.99) over the concentration range of 0.1 to 8000 μg kg−1, and the quantification limits were in the range of 0.06–230 μg kg−1. The spectrophotometric analysis showed that the clean-up step promoted a significant removal of chlorophyll, which is the major pigment present in the sample. Furthermore, antioxidant activity analysis was also carried out after the clean-up step and, together with chromatographic data, showed that no significant retention of the phenolic compounds occurs in the clean-up step. Two mustard greens varieties – Southern Giant Curled (SGC) and Florida Broadleaf (FB) - were analyzed with the proposed method. Seven phenolic compounds (4-hydroxybenzoic, p-coumaric, ferulic and sinapic acids, naringenin, apigenin and kaempferol) were found in both varieties, the greatest abundance being for sinapic acid (1261.5 ± 23 μg kg−1 in SGC and 1235.5 ± 26 μg kg−1 in FB) and ferulic acid (2861 ± 24 μg kg−1 in SGC and 3204.5 ± 45 μg kg−1 in FB)
Subject: Antioxidantes
Country: Holanda
Editor: Elsevier
Rights: Aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.arabjc.2019.10.012
Date Issue: 2020
Appears in Collections:IQ - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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