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Type: Artigo
Title: Mastication and oral sensory function in frail edentulous elderly : a case-control study
Author: Figueredo, Olivia Maria Costa
Camara-Souza, Mariana Barbosa
Carletti, Talita Malini
de Sousa, Maria da Luz Rosario
Rodrigues Garcia, Renata Cunha Matheus
Abstract: To evaluate the maximum bite force (MBF), masticatory performance and oral sensory function (OSF) of frail edentulous elderly. The correlation of MBF with maximum grip strength (MGS) was also assessed. Twenty edentulous elderly [10 with and 10 without the frailty phenotype (FP)] were selected to participate in this case-control study. The FP was diagnosed using the criteria of Fried et al., which consider weight loss, exhaustion, physical activity level, weakness and slowness to the evaluation. All volunteers received new complete dentures (CDs) to standardise the occlusal status, and after 2 months of use with no complaint, all variables were assessed. MBF was measured by pressure sensors positioned bilaterally on the first artificial molars. Masticatory performance was assessed using the sieving method and was expressed as the median particle size (X-50) of Optocal after 40 masticatory cycles. OSF was evaluated using the oral stereognosis test, and MGS was measured using a dynamometer. Groups were compared using one-way analysis of variance. The Pearson coefficient of correlation between MBF and MGS was calculated. Frail elderly people showed reduced MBF (P = 0.0431) and larger X-50 values (P = 0.0053) than did non-frail elders, while OSF did not differ between the groups. MBF had a moderate positive correlation with MGS (r = 0.690, P = 0.003). Frail elderly had reduced MBF and impaired mastication. On the other hand, OSF does not seem to be affected by frailty. MBF was moderately correlated with MGS
Subject: Força de mordida
Country: Reino Unido
Editor: Wiley
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1111/idj.12529
Date Issue: 2020
Appears in Collections:FOP - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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