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|Title:||Alcohol consumption alters anti-Strongyloides stercoralis antibodies production|
|Author:||De Souza, J.N.|
|Abstract:||Individuals infected with Strongyloides stercoralis have been reported to produce different immunoglobulins isotypes, yet few studies have evaluated their use in strongyloidiasis diagnosis. The aim of this work was to evaluate the immunoreactivity of different classes and subclasses of anti-S. stercoralis circulating antibodies in alcoholic patients by ELISA and to perform immunoblotting in samples with discordant results between parasitological and immunological methods. 345 male patients with a clinical diagnosis of alcoholism hospitalized at a reference center for alcoholics in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, were included in this study. The fecal samples were examined by three different parasitological methods (spontaneous sedimentation, Baermann-Moraes and Agar Plate Culture methods). The ELISA was performed for the detection of IgG, IgG1, IgG4, IgE and IgA1 anti-S. stercoralis. Immunoblotting, for the detection of specific IgA1, was used to elucidate discordant results between parasitological and immunological methods. S. stercoralis infection frequency in alcoholic patients by parasitological methods was 21.4% (74/345). Although IgE-ELISA demonstrated a high sensitivity and specificity in non-alcoholic patients, about 30% (22/74) of alcoholics with larvae in feces were negative. IgG1-ELISA detected the lowest frequency of antibodies in alcoholic patients with larvae in feces, only 57% (42/74). IgG4-ELISA was the best assay for S. stercoralis infection immunodiagnosis. Immunoreactivity in the immunoblotting for IgA1 at 90, 75, 26 and/or 17 kDa bands was observed in 92% (33/36) of alcoholics with larvae excretion and negative ELISA for one or more antibody isotypes. In conclusion, IgG4-ELISA showed the highest sensitivity and specificity, thus demonstrating its superiority for strongyloidiasis immunodiagnosis in alcoholic and non-alcoholic individuals. Both, IgE and IgG1-ELISA presented high sensitivities and specificities for S. stercoralis infection diagnosis in non-alcoholics, however there was low reactivity in alcoholic individuals. This can be associated with an increased susceptibility to severe strongyloidiasis in these patients. IgA1-immunoblotting can be used to confirm S. stercoralis infection when there are discordant results between parasitological methods and ELISA|
|Appears in Collections:||IB - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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