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|Title:||DNA G-quadruplex stability, position and chromatin accessibility are associated with CpG island methylation|
Peres Line, Sergio Roberto
|Abstract:||CpG islands (CGI) are genomic regions associated with gene promoters and involved in gene expression regulation. Despite their high CpG content and unlike bulk genomic DNA methylation pattern, these regions are usually hypomethylated. So far, the mechanisms controlling the CGI methylation patterning remain unclear. G-quadruplex (G4) structures can inhibit DNA methyltransferases 1 enzymatic activity, leading to CGI hypomethylation. Our aim was to analyse the association of G4 forming sequences (G4FS) and CGI methylation as well as to determine the intrinsic and extrinsic characteristics of G4FS that may modulate this phenomenon. Using methylation data from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and three hESC-derived populations, we showed that hypomethylated CpGs located inside CGI (CGI/CpG) tend to be associated with highly stable G4FS (Minimum free energy <= -30 kcal center dot mol(-1)). The association of highly stable G4FS and hypomethylation tend to be stronger when these structures are located at shorter distances ( < 150 bp) from GCI/CpGs, when G4FS and CpGs are located within open chromatin and G4FS are inside CGI. Moreover, this association is not strongly influenced by the CpG content of CGI. Conversely, highly methylated CGI/CpG tend to be associated with low stability G4FS. Although CpGs inside CGIs without a G4FS tend to be more methylated, high stability G4FS within CGI neighbourhood were associated with decreased methylation. In summary, our data indicate that G4FS may act as protective cis elements against CGI methylation, and this effect seems to be influenced by the G4FS folding potential, its presence within CGI, CpG distance from G4FS and chromatin accessibility|
|Appears in Collections:||FOP - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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