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|Title:||Chapter one - predatory marine bivalves : a review|
Machado, Fabrizio Marcondes
|Abstract:||Most bivalves are suspension feeders. On the deep sea floor, however, some are predators, typically of meiobenthic crustaceans: copepods, . Propeamusiid scallops are one such group of predators. The largest numbers of predators, however, belong to the bivalve subclass Anomalodesmata and constitute, as currently recognised, some 500 species belonging principally to the Verticordioidea (120), Poromyoidea (75) and Cuspidarioidea (304) with four, two and four constituent families, respectively. A further family, the Parilimyidae, is considered to be derived from the Pholadomyoidea—the anomalodesmatan ancestor. These, generally small (< 60 mm shell length), nacreous and thin-shelled predators share many anatomical features that formerly allowed them to be collectively classified as the Septibranchia. Although this name is now rarely used, it refers to their possession of a ctenidially-derived septum in the mantle cavity and functioning in prey capture. Generally, there is a trend, possibly evolutionary, from a typical bivalve ctenidium (Parilimyidae and some Verticordioidea) to a complete septum (other Verticordioidea, Poromyoidea and Cuspidarioidea). In addition, the inhalant siphon, foot, labial palps, mouth and its lips play a role in prey capture, and ingestion. Similarly, the stomach is modified to digest such, typically chitinous, ingested prey. Most septibranchs are either consecutive or simultaneous hermaphrodites with self-fertilisation possibly usual and with some evidence in a few of larval brooding. Notwithstanding, the deep sea septibranch species are poorly studied with virtually nothing being known about their wider distributions, ecology, detailed reproductive strategies and life history traits|
|Appears in Collections:||IB - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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