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|Title:||Phenolic compounds and metals in some edible annonaceae fruits|
|Author:||Moraes, Maria Rosa de|
Ryan, Sean M.
Godoy, Helena Teixeira
Thomas, Andrew L.
Maia, José Guilherme S.
Richards, Kristy M.
Smith, Robert E.
|Abstract:||The concentrations of 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid, caffeic acid, catechin, chlorogenic acid, epicatechin, gallic acid, p-coumaric acid, quercetin, rutin, ferulic acid, and the major metals in graviola (Annona muricata), atemoya (A. squamosa x A. cherimola), fruta do conde (A. squamosa), biribá (Rollinia mucosa), and the North American pawpaw (Asimina triloba) were determined by UPLC-ESI (−)-MS/MS. It enabled the identification and quantification of phenolic compounds. Catechin was only found in atemoya, at a concentration of 38.6 μg/g-dw. Only 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid was found in the fruit pulps of all five fruits analyzed. Atemoya stands out for not only having catechin but also for having much more epicatechin (239 μg/g-dw) than the other fruits. At the same time, graviola had more p-coumaric acid (62.6 μg/g-dw), and the North American pawpaw had more chlorogenic acid (48.1 μg/g-dw) than the other fruits. Metals were determined by ICP equipped with axially viewed plasma. All five fruit pulps had relatively high levels of potassium, with concentrations ranging from 7640 to 15,000 μg/g-dw, with pawpaw being the lowest and atemoya being the highest. The concentrations of other metals ranged from Ca 547 to 1110, Na 14.3 to 123, P 1210 to 1690, Mg 472 to 980, Mn 1.86 to 5.27, and Zn 5.55 to 7.32 μg/g-dw. All five fruits in the Annonaceae family that were analyzed in this study have several phenolic compounds in them and were good sources of potassium, calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium|
|Appears in Collections:||FEA - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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