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Type: Artigo
Title: Effects of high hydrostatic pressure on the microbial inactivation and extraction of bioactive compounds from açaí (Euterpe oleracea Martius) pulp
Author: de Jesus, A.L.T.
Cristianini, M.
dos Santos, N.M.
Maróstica Júnior M.R.
Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) on the inactivation of Lactobacillus fructivorans, on the inactivation of Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris spores and on the extraction of anthocyanins and total phenolics from açaí pulp. The tested conditions comprised pressures of 400–600 MPa, treatment times of 5–15 min, and temperatures of 25 °C and 65 °C. Results were compared to those of conventional thermal treatments (85 °C/1 min). Regarding A. acidoterrestris spores, applying HHP for 13.5 min, resulted in a value of four-decimal reduction. L. fructivorans presented considerable sensitivity to HHP treatment, achieving inactivation rates above 6.7 log cycles at process conditions at 600 MPa and 65 °C for 5 min. All samples of açaí pulp processed showed absence of thermotolerant coliforms during the 28 days of refrigerated storage (shelf life study). The açaí pulps processed by HHP (600 MPa/5 min/25 °C) had anthocyanin extraction increased by 37% on average. In contrast, conventional thermal treatment reduced anthocyanin content by 16.3%. For phenolic compounds, the process at 600 MPa/5 min/65 °C increases extraction by 10.25%. A combination of HHP treatment and moderate heat (65 °C) was shown to be an alternative to thermal pasteurization, leading to microbiologically safe products while preserving functional compounds
Subject: Compostos fenólicos
Country: Reino Unido
Editor: Elsevier
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.foodres.2019.108856
Date Issue: 2020
Appears in Collections:FEA - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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