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Type: Artigo
Title: Manganese dioxide coating reduces bacterial adhesion and infection in silicon implants in animal model
Author: Gon, L.M.
de Campos, C.C.C.
Riccetto, E.
Levy, C.E.
Griguol, O.
Riccetto, C.L.Z.
Abstract: Purpose: To propose a new coating to silicone implants using Manganese dioxide. We present bacterial adhesion and proliferation when implants are challenged with Escherichia coli. Methods: Coated and control silicon implants were placed in two independent subcutaneous pouches in the dorsum of Wistar rats. After skin closure, 0.5 ml of E. coli solution was injected in each incision. The animals were euthanized at 7 and 28 days. Extracted material was cultured and analyzed by confocal microscopy. Results: At 1 week, uncoated implants had a 17-fold higher infection rate (p < 0.001). Coated samples showed a mean bacterial count of 28,700 CFU/ml, while the control ones 503,000 CFU/ml, with a significant mean difference of 474,300 CFU/ml (95% CI 165,900–782,600). At 4 weeks, the mean bacterial growth in coated group was 7600; while in control one was 53,890. The mean difference between groups was 46,200 (95% CI 21,100–71,400). Confocal microscopy presented the percentage of implant’s surface with attached bacteria: at 7 days, coated implants had 6.85% and controls 10.9% and the difference was not significant (p =0.32). At 4 weeks, the coated group showed 0.98% of the surface with attached bacteria, while control group showed 7.64%, which resulted in a significant 11-fold difference (p = 0.004). Conclusions: Manganese dioxide coating inhibits bacterial proliferation and adhesion in subcutaneous silicon implants in an animal model. These findings can be useful to improve development of biomaterials.
Subject: Silício
Bactérias - Adesão
Country: Alemanha
Editor: Springer
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1007/s00345-019-02856-x
Date Issue: 2020
Appears in Collections:FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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