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|Title:||Intermittent perilesional edema and contrast enhancement in epilepsy with calcified neurocysticercosis may help to identify the seizure focus|
|Abstract:||Neurocysticercosis is a frequent cause of seizures in endemic countries. It is caused by the larvae of the tapeworm Taenia solium. The larvae once hosted in the cerebral parenchyma evolve into viable cysts, called the vesicular stage (with little or no inflammatory reaction), and may remain at this stage for years, or may enter in an inflammatory-degenerative process (colloidal phase) that ends with calcified nodules. Edema and MRI contrast enhancement associated with these calcifications have been described, suggesting that it may be associated with seizures. However, most of these reports were either cross-sectional case-control series or case reports with a single time point MRI. Therefore, the clinical significance of recurring perilesional edema and contrast enhancement around calcified lesions is still uncertain. Here, we describe repeated MRIs of a patient with calcified neurocysticercosis over 4 years. The seizures were associated with edema and contrast enhancement that disappeared in the seizure-free periods, occurring only around one calcified nodule that coincided with the EEG findings and seizure semiology, although he had three additional calcifications. These findings support the association between pericalcification contrast enhancement and edema with recent seizures. This MRI finding may be a marker to define the epileptogenic focus in epilepsies with calcified neurocysticercosis|
|Appears in Collections:||FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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