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Type: Artigo
Title: The highly diverse gastropod assemblages associated with sargassum spp. (phaeophyceae: fucales) habitats
Author: Dos Santos Longo, Pedro Augusto
Ribeiro Mansur, Karine Ferreira
Pereira Leiter, Fosca Pedini
Passos, Flavio Dias
Abstract: Macrophytes provide a habitat for many species of marine invertebrates, the gastropods being one of the main components. This study provides new information about Sargassum-associated gastropod biodiversity, through characterization of the fauna from a highly impacted area of Brazil, investigating its variation at a small spatial scale and between two main seasons of the year, as well as its relationship with macroalgae parameters. Density of gastropods was higher during the warmest season and varied throughout sampling sites. A significant and positive, however weak, relationship between gastropod density and Sargassum dry weight was found in all localities. For all sites, a marked and unusual dominance of Bittiolum varium was observed. The high dominance of this species seems to be related to the impacts caused by shipping activities and highway construction in the 1970s and 1980s, which caused a decline in local species diversity that seems to have continued until now. Many species, both typical of these habitats and characteristic of other, nearby habitats, benefit from Sargassum sp. These macrophytes allow gastropods to establish and grow during their most vulnerable stages, as shown by the growth series and juvenile forms found for most species of gastropods. The present data highlight the importance of macrophyte habitats for gastropod biodiversity in coastal areas and call attention to the importance of raising knowledge on this fauna, especially in impacted areas, thus contributing to the conservation of these highly diverse and ecologically important macrophyte-gastropod systems
Subject: Biodiversidade
Country: Reino Unido
Editor: Cambridge University Press
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1017/S0025315419000304
Date Issue: 2019
Appears in Collections:IB - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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