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Type: Artigo
Title: Endoscopic skull base surgery: evaluation of current clinical outcomes
Author: Almeida, Joao P.
de Albuquerque, Lucas A.
Dal Fabbro, Mateus
Sampaio, Marcelo
Medina, Roberto
Chacon, Martin
Gondim, Jackson
Abstract: Endoscopic skull base surgery is one of the most recent fields of neurosurgery. Successive innovations were developed throughout history so that the current concepts that rule this surgical field could be reached. The current paper presents the evolution of endoscopic surgery and its current results on the treatment of skull base tumor, based on a review of meta-analysis and clinical series. A PubMed search for articles published between January 1990 and January 2014 about "endoscopic skull base surgery", "endoscopic transsphenoidal approach", "endoscopic treatment of parasellar tumors" and "suprasellar lesions" was performed. According to the current data, endoscopic surgery seems to be superior to open and transsphenoidal microscopic removal of giant pituitary adenomas. Endoscopy is at least as successful as transsphenoidal microsurgery for the removal of pituitary adenomas and craniopharyngiomas. Transcranial open approaches, in the context of anterior midline skull base meningiomas, present higher rates of gross total resection, fewer complications and better clinical results than endoscopy approaches. The rate of postoperative CSF leakage has been significantly reduced with the introduction of new techniques such as the Hadad-Bassagasteguy flap but still represent one of the most important complications of this technique. Currently, selected tumors located at the anterior, middle and posterior fossa can be adequately assessed using the endoscope with low rates of postoperative CSF leaks. Endoscopic surgery has substantially evolved in the last decades through the collaboration of different teams around the world. The endoscope is now an essential tool in the neurosurgery armamentarium with great potential for new applications in the nearby future.
Subject: Endoscopia
Country: Itália
Editor: Edizioni Minerva Medica
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.23736/S0390-5616.16.03386-5
Date Issue: 2019
Appears in Collections:FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos
HC - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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