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|Title:||Relating mechanical properties of vertebral trabecular bones to osteoporosis|
Ramos, R. R.
Pereira, C. A. M.
Rollo, J. M. D. A.
|Abstract:||Osteoporosis is an osteometabolic disease, which promotes structural degradation of bone tissue and reduction of mineral density. We reported here a mechanical resistance assay from normal, osteopenic and osteoporotic trabecular vertebral bones of human cadavers. We performed a compressed test on ninety samples, evaluating Young's modulus and X-ray microtomography to measure bone volume fraction and trabecular thickness. This experimental data are employed for computing the orthotropic macroscopic behavior of vertebral trabecular bones using known analytical formulae that were obtained by Galka et al. (Arch Mech 51: 335-355, 1999) via an asymptotic homogenization model. A geometrical model with a periodic orthogonal plate-like structure is applied. The properties of the bone-trabecular mass are considered linear, homogeneous and orthotropic. Average values for all technical or engineering elastic properties are computed for three important regions of the trabecular bones corresponding to thirty individuals classified as normal, osteopenic or osteoporotic by calcaneus ultrassometry. This study could be useful for a better understanding of the elastic behavior of trabecular bones in human vertebral bodies, allowing an estimation of bone answer under stress in different directions and the risk of fracture associated with osteoporosis|
|Editor:||Taylor & Francis|
|Appears in Collections:||FEEC - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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