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Type: Editorial
Title: Revisiting old practices : more restricted indication of preoperative autologous blood donation in healthy bone marrow donors according to baseline hemoglobin levels
Author: Gilli, Isadora Olenscki
Vigorito, Afonso Celso
Benites, Bruno Deltreggia
Abstract: There is no consensus on the risk-benefit status of preoperative autologous blood donation (PAD) for healthy bone marrow donors and there is concern regarding its impact on the development of pre-surgical anemia. We evaluated the changes in hemoglobin levels related to PAD in 80 bone marrow donors of our institution between 2002 and 2016. Mean Hgb values were compared separately for donors who donated 1 or 2 units, at 3 time points: before PAD collection, the morning before marrow harvest and soon after harvest. Mean baseline Hgb values did not differ significantly between the 2 groups. After PAD collection, there was a significant drop in Hgb levels for the whole cohort of donors but more pronounced for the group that donated 2 units [1 unit: 12.8(8.9-17.4) x 2 units: 11.55(11.2-12.1), p = 0.045]. However, after marrow harvest, Hgb levels were similar for the 2 groups; 61.2% of all donors required autologous transfusion and none required allogeneic transfusion. Furthermore, baseline Hgb < 14.35 g/dL was identified as the sensitive cutoff to predict the need for transfusion after marrow harvest (sensitivity of 52% and specificity of 80.4%, p = 0.001). Thus, our analysis demonstrates the possibility of using hemoglobin thresholds as cutoff points for indication of PAD, tending to a more cost-effective approach. Despite significant declines in Hgb levels after PAD, none of the donors in our cohort required allogeneic transfusion, demonstrating the safety of this procedure. Thus, the indication of PAD remains an option for those who feel insecure despite higher baseline Hgb levels
Subject: Anemia
Country: Reino Unido
Editor: Elsevier
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.transci.2019.04.001
Date Issue: 2019
Appears in Collections:FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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