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Type: Artigo
Title: Myocardial iron overload in sickle cell disease : a rare but potentially fatal complication of transfusion
Author: Junqueira Tavares, Alvaro Henrique
Benites, Bruno Deltreggia
Fertrin, Kleber Yotsumoto
Abstract: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a frequent indication for chronic transfusion, which can cause iron overload. Excess iron often affects the liver, but not the heart in SCD. Magnetic resonance (MR) is recommended to detect myocardial iron overload (MIO) but its elevated cost requires optimized indication. We aimed to compile all published data on MIO in SCD upon the description of a fatal case of severe MIO in our institution, and to determine associated risk factors. We performed a systematic review using the PRISMA guidelines in two databases (PubMed and Web of Science). Inclusion criteria were publication in English, patients diagnosed with SCD, and reporting ferritin and MIO by MR. Twenty publications reported on 865 SCD adult and pediatric patients, with at least 10 other cases of MIO. The prevalence of MIO in chronically transfused SCD patients can be estimated to be 3% or less, and is associated with high transfusion burden, top-up transfusions, and low adherence to iron chelation. Cardiac siderosis in SCD is rarely reported, and increased awareness with better use of the available screening tools are necessary. Prospective studies should define the recommended chelation regimens depending on the severity of MIO
Subject: Sobrecarga de ferro
Country: Estados Unidos
Editor: Elsevier
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.tmrv.2019.04.001
Date Issue: 2019
Appears in Collections:FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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