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|Title:||The occurrence of mycotoxins in breast milk, fruit products and cereal-based infant formula : a review|
|Author:||Cebin Coppa, Carolina Fernanda Sengling|
Khaneghah, Amin Mousavi
Goncalves, Bruna Leonel
de Neeff, Diane Valganon
Sant'Ana, Anderson S.
Corassin, Carlos Humberto
Fernandes Oliveira, Carlos Augusto
|Abstract:||Breast milk is considered an essential food segment for children up to 6 months; however, it can be contaminated with some mycotoxins, such as aflatoxin M-1 (AFM(1)) and ochratoxin A (OTA) as a consequence of ingestion of dietary mycotoxins by lactating mothers. Moreover, the health of infants can be threatened due to simultaneous exposure to a mixture of mycotoxins mainly due to their potential synergistic effects. An overview of the prevalence of mycotoxins in breast milk and infant formula, fruit- and cereal-based products as routine diets of infants during the last 10 years, besides the associated health risks, were presented. In this regard, the relevant citations published in international databases such as PubMed, Science direct from 2008 to 2019 were screened by the aid of a systematic review approach. The high prevalence of AFM(1) and OTA in breast milk reported in several countries highlighted the extent of mycotoxin occurrence in the diet of lactating mothers. Furthermore, the exposure rates of infants to mycotoxins in breast milk and infant formula while generated a margin of exposure values lower than 10,000, indicating a huge public health concern. Thus, reducing the dietary exposure of mycotoxins for lactating mothers and approaching the required controlling steps during the processing and distribution of infant formulas are crucial. Further studies are recommended to evaluate the health risks to infants due to dietary exposure to multiple mycotoxins in infant foods|
|Appears in Collections:||FEA - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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