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Type: Artigo
Title: Amphibian fungal panzootic causes catastrophic and ongoing loss of biodiversity
Author: Scheele, Ben C.
Pasmans, Frank
Skerratt, Lee
Berger, Lee
Skerratt, Lee F.
Martel, An
Beukema, Wouter
Acevedo, Aldemar A.
Burrowes, Patricia A.
Carvalho, Tamilie
Catenazzi, Alessandro
De la Riva, Ignacio
Fisher, Matthew C.
Flechas, Sandra V.
Foster, Claire N.
Abstract: Anthropogenic trade and development have broken down dispersal barriers, facilitating the spread of diseases that threaten Earth's biodiversity. We present a global, quantitative assessment of the amphibian chytridiomycosis panzootic, one of the most impactful examples of disease spread, and demonstrate its role in the decline of at least 501 amphibian species over the past half-century, including 90 presumed extinctions. The effects of chytridiomycosis have been greatest in large-bodied, range-restricted anurans in wet climates in the Americas and Australia. Declines peaked in the 1980s, and only 12% of declined species show signs of recovery, whereas 39% are experiencing ongoing decline. There is risk of further chytridiomycosis outbreaks in new areas. The chytridiomycosis panzootic represents the greatest recorded loss of biodiversity attributable to a disease
Subject: Anfibio
Country: Estados Unidos
Editor: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1126/science.aav0379
Date Issue: 2019
Appears in Collections:IB - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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