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|Title:||Dissecting the region around IceCube-170922A: the blazar TXS 0506+056 as the first cosmic neutrino source|
|Abstract:||We present the dissection in space, time, and energy of the region around the IceCube-170922A neutrino alert. This study is motivated by: (1) the first association between a neutrino alert and a blazar in a flaring state, TXS 0506+ 056|| (2) the evidence of a neutrino flaring activity during 2014-2015 from the same direction|| (3) the lack of an accompanying simultaneous gamma-ray enhancement from the same counterpart|| (4) the contrasting flaring activity of a neighbouring bright gamma-ray source, the blazar PKS 0502+ 049, during 2014-2015. Our study makes use of multiwavelength archival data accessed through Open Universe tools and includes a new analysis of Fermi-LAT data. We find that PKS 0502+ 049 contaminates the gamma-ray emission region at low energies but TXS 0506+ 056 dominates the sky above a few GeV. TXS 0506+ 056, which is a very strong (top percent) radio and gamma-ray source, is in a high gamma-ray state during the neutrino alert but in a low though hard gamma-ray state in coincidence with the neutrino flare. Both states can be reconciled with the energy associated with the neutrino emission and, in particular during the low/hard state, there is evidence that TXS 0506+ 056 has undergone a hadronic flare with very important implications for blazar modelling. All multimessenger diagnostics reported here support a single coherent picture in which TXS 0506+ 056, a very high energy gamma-ray blazar, is the only counterpart of all the neutrino emissions in the region and therefore the most plausible first non-stellar neutrino and, hence, cosmic ray source.|
Objetos BL Lacertae
|Editor:||Oxford University Press|
|Appears in Collections:||IFGW - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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