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Type: Artigo
Title: Maternal obesity in mice exacerbates the allergic inflammatory response in the airways of male offspring
Author: e-Lacerda, Rodrigo Rodrigues
Teixeira, Caio Jordao
Bordin, Silvana
Antunes, Edson
Anhe, Gabriel Forato
Abstract: It was previously demonstrated that non-allergen-sensitized rodents born to mothers exposed to a high-fat diet (HFD) spontaneously develop lower respiratory compliance and higher respiratory resistance. In the present study, we sought to determine if mice born to mothers consuming HFD would exhibit changes in inflammatory response and lung remodeling when subjected to ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization/challenge in adult life. Mice born to dams consuming either HFD or standard chow had increased bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) levels of IL-1 beta, IL-4, IL-5, IL-10, IL-13, TNF-alpha and TGF-beta 1 after challenge with OVA. IL-4, IL-13, TNF-alpha and TGF-beta 1 levels were further increased in the offspring of HFD-fed mothers. Mice born to obese dams also had exacerbated values of leukocyte infiltration in lung parenchyma, eosinophil and neutrophil counts in BAL, mucus overproduction and collagen deposition. The programming induced by maternal obesity was accompanied by increased expression of miR-155 in peripheral-blood mononuclear cells and reduced miR-133b in trachea and lung tissue in adult life. Altogether, the present data support the unprecedented notion that the progeny of obese mice display exacerbated responses to sensitization/challenge with OVA, leading to the intensification of the morphological changes of lung remodeling. Such changes are likely to result from long-lasting changes in miR-155 and miR-133b expression
Subject: Obesidade
Country: Suiça
Editor: MDPI
Rights: Aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.3390/nu11122902
Date Issue: 2019
Appears in Collections:FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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