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|Title:||Antiproliferative xylan from corn cobs induces apoptosis in tumor cells|
|Author:||Melo-Silveira, Raniere Fagundes|
Silva Viana, Rony Lucas
Sabry, Diego Araujo
da Silva, Rodrigo Augusto
Lima Nascimento, Ana Karina
Scortecci, Katia Castanho
Ferreira-Halder, Carmen Verissima
Sassaki, Guilherme Lanzi
Oliveira Rocha, Hugo Alexandre
|Abstract:||Xylan is one of the most abundant hemicellulose constituents in the plant kingdom. We extracted xylan from corn cobs (XCC) using ultrasound. The structure of XCC was determined by NMR analysis, which revealed a composition of xylose: glucose: arabinose: galactose: mannose: glucuronic acid in a molar percentage ratio of 48:21:16:10:2.5:2.5. XCC induced the proliferation of murine macrophage cells (RAW 264.7) and inhibited the proliferation of human lung adenocarcinoma epithelial cells (A549) by 20% and human cervical adenocarcinoma cells (HeLa) by 60%. Several cell death-associated morphological changes were observed after the exposure of HeLa cells to XCC for 24 h. In addition, by using fluorescent probes, we observed a larger number of irregular and pyknotic nuclei with condensed chromatin bodies (nuclear condensation). FACS analysis showed an increase in the number of annexin V-positive and propidium iodide (PI)-positive cells (37.0%) in the presence of XCC compared with that of the negative control cells (5.0%). XCC also increased the ratio of Bax:Bcl-2 (3.5:1) and the levels of cytochrome c, caspase 3, and apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) in treated cells. Therefore, the results demonstrated the antiproliferative potential of XCC, which induced apoptosis in HeLa cells|
|Appears in Collections:||IB - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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