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|Title:||CASP8 (rs3834129) and CASP3 (rs4647601) polymorphisms in oropharynx cancer risk, tumor cell differentiation, and prognosis in a cohort of the Brazilian population|
|Author:||Tortorelli, Gabriela Arielo|
Dias Costa, Ericka Francislaine
Carvalho, Bruna Fernandes
Rinck-Junior, Jose Augusto
Mariano, Fernanda Viviane
Almeida Milani Altemani, Albina Messias
Passos Lima, Carmen Silvia
Lourenco, Gustavo Jacob
|Abstract:||The objective of this research was to assess the association of genetic polymorphisms related to intrinsic apoptosis pathway CASP8 rs3834129 and CASP3 rs4647601 with the risk, clinical and pathological aspects, and survival of oropharynx squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) patients that received cisplatin and radiotherapy. The genotypes were identified in 198 patients with OPSCC and 200 controls using polymerase chain reaction methods. Chi square or Fisher's exact test and logistic regression were applied for the detection of differences between groups. Patients' genotypes were statistically evaluated considering the event-free survival and overall analysis using Kaplan-Meier estimate and Cox regression. CASP3 rs4647601 GG genotype (44.4% vs. 30.0%, p = 0.03) and G allele (63.9% vs. 55.5%, p = 0.04) were more common in patients with OPSCC than in controls. Carriers of GG genotype and G allele were under 1.78-fold and 1.40-fold increased risk of OPSCC than others, respectively. The frequency of CASP8 rs3834129 DD genotype was higher in patients with OPSCC with poorly differentiated or undifferentiated tumors when compared to others (34.5% vs. 16.1%, p = 0.02). No influence of CASP8 and CASP3 polymorphisms on OPSCC patients' survival was seen in this study. Our results indicate that inherited genetic variants in the intrinsic apoptosis pathway related to CASP3 rs4647601 and CASP8 rs3834129 polymorphisms may be an important determinant of OPSCC risk and tumor cell differentiation.|
|Appears in Collections:||FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
FCF - Artigos e Outros Documentos
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