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|Title:||A novel combination of biallelic ALPL mutations associated with adult hypophosphatasia: a phenotype-genotype association and computational analysis study|
de Almeida, Amanda Bandeira
Lira dos Santos, Elis Janaina
Foster, Brian L.
Machado, Renato Assis
Kantovitz, Kamila Rosamilia
Coletta, Ricardo D.
Nociti Jr., Francisco H.
|Abstract:||Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is an inherited metabolic disorder that causes defective skeletal and dental mineralization. HPP exhibits a markedly heterogeneous range of clinical manifestations caused by dysfunction of the tissue-nonspecific isozyme of alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP), resulting from loss-of-function mutations in the ALPL gene. HPP has been associated with predominantly missense mutations in ALPL, and a number of compound heterozygous genotypes have been identified. Here, we describe a case of a subject with adult-onset HPP caused by a novel combination of missense mutations p.Gly473Ser and p.Ala487Val, resulting in chronic musculoskeletal pain, myopathy, persistent fatigue, vomiting, and an uncommon dental phenotype of short rooted permanent teeth. Pedigree and biochemical analysis indicated that severity of symptoms was correlated with levels of residual ALP activity, and co-segregated with the p.Gly473Ser missense mutation. Bioinformatic analysis to predict the structural and functional impact of each of the point mutations in the TNSALP molecule, and its potential contribution to the clinical symptoms, revealed that the affected Gly473 residue is localized in the homodimer interface and predicted to have a dominant negative effect. The affected Ala487 residue was predicted to bind to Tyr479, which is closely located the N-terminal alpha-helix of TNSALP monomer 2, suggesting that both changes may impair dimer stability and catalytic functions. In conclusion, these findings assist in defining genotype-phenotype associations for HPP, and further define specific sites within the TNSALP molecule potentially related to neuromuscular manifestations in adult HPP, allowing for a better understanding of HPP pathophysiology|
|Appears in Collections:||FOP - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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