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Type: Artigo
Title: Soil macrofauna responses to sugarcane straw removal for bioenergy production
Author: Menandro, Lauren Maine Santos
Moraes, Luana Oliveira de
Borges, Clovis Daniel
Cherubin, Maurício Roberto
Castioni, Guilherme Adalberto
Carvalho, João Luís Nunes
Abstract: Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) residue (straw) has been identified as a promising feedstock for bioenergy production, but excessive straw removal may impair soil macrofauna and related ecosystem services. To quantify straw removal effects on abundance, richness, and diversity of soil macrofauna, four experiments were conducted in São Paulo state, Brazil, under different edaphoclimatic conditions. A secondary goal was to evaluate seasonal changes on soil macrofauna and identify linkages between those changes and soil chemical and physical attributes. Four straw removal treatments (NR, no removal, LR, low removal, HR, high removal, and TR, total removal) were evaluated. Macrofauna and other soil attributes were sampled within the 0- to 0.30-m depth increment. Soil macrofauna were impaired by TR with the magnitude of response being related to both edaphoclimatic conditions and management practices. Numerous interactions among seasons, straw removal rates, and soil macrofauna were found, especially for total abundance and diversity of organisms. Partial straw removal (HR and LR) may be a strategy to protect soil health and increase bioenergy production with minimal effects on soil macrofauna, although long-term experiments are needed to confirm our hypothesis. The NR treatment generally had better soil quality as indicated by greater soil moisture, macropore number, soil organic carbon (SOC) content, and soil fertility, which led to a higher abundance of most macrofauna organisms. Total removal resulted in greater soil compaction and decreased macrofauna abundance, especially in clay soils. Our findings confirm that an integrated approach using soil indicators as guidelines should be adopted to better predict sustainable straw management practices for sugarcane in Brazil
Subject: Minhoca
Marcadores biológicos
Country: Estados Unidos
Editor: Springer
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1007/s12155-019-10053-2
Date Issue: Dec-2019
Appears in Collections:FEAGRI - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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