Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/336845
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dc.contributor.CRUESPUNIVERSIDADE ESTADUAL DE CAMPINASpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorunicampLapola, David Montenegro-
dc.contributor.authorunicampBraga, Diego R.-
dc.typeArtigopt_BR
dc.titleHeat stress vulnerability and risk at the (super) local scale in six Brazilian capitalspt_BR
dc.contributor.authorLapola, David M.-
dc.contributor.authorBraga, Diego R.-
dc.contributor.authorDi Giulio, Gabriela M.-
dc.contributor.authorTorres, Roger R.-
dc.contributor.authorVasconcellos, Maria P.-
dc.subjectIlha de calor urbanapt_BR
dc.subjectMudanças climáticas - Brasilpt_BR
dc.subject.otherlanguageClimatic changes - Brazilpt_BR
dc.subject.otherlanguageUrban heat islandpt_BR
dc.description.abstractBrazilian cities host 86% of the country's population and have been more intensely hit by rising temperatures than the average of cities across the world over the last century. Nevertheless, assessments of the vulnerability of Brazilian urban dwellers to urban heat islands (UHI) are scarce. In this study, we take advantage of the availability of high-resolution data to calculate the heat stress vulnerability and risk indexes (HSVI and HSRI, respectively) for people inhabiting six Brazilian metropolitan areasManaus, Natal, Vitoria, SAo Paulo, Curitiba, and Porto Alegre. The indexes are calculated by mathematically relating indicators of exposure (distribution of >65-year-old elderly people), sensitivity/adaptive capacity (human development index, HDI), and hazard (surface temperature). The resulting HSVI maps reflect the socioeconomic (HDI) differences found among the studied cities, with the most vulnerable people located in the poorest neighborhoods in Manaus (0.720) and Natal (0.733), distributed among lower- and mid-class zones in SAo Paulo (0.794) and Vitoria (0.772), or invariably located in the wealthy zones of Curitiba (0.783) and Porto Alegre (0.762). Two distinct patterns are identified for the HSRI: in SAo Paulo, Vitoria, Curitiba, and Porto Alegre, high and very high risks are found in the wealthy zones of the cities, whereas in Natal and Manaus, high and very high risks are encountered in the poorly developed city zones, a result that was strongly driven by the UHI pattern. Better communication of heat stress risk and the improvement of city greenness should be the focus of near-term adaptation strategies for the mapped vulnerable populationpt_BR
dc.relation.ispartofClimatic Changept_BR
dc.publisher.cityDordrechtpt_BR
dc.publisher.countryPaíses Baixospt_BR
dc.publisherSpringerpt_BR
dc.date.issued2019-
dc.date.monthofcirculationJunept_BR
dc.language.isoengpt_BR
dc.description.volume154pt_BR
dc.description.issuenumber43924pt_BR
dc.description.firstpage477pt_BR
dc.description.lastpage492pt_BR
dc.rightsFechadopt_BR
dc.sourceWOSpt_BR
dc.identifier.issn0165-0009pt_BR
dc.identifier.eissn1573-1480pt_BR
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10584-019-02459-wpt_BR
dc.identifier.urlhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-019-02459-wpt_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipCONSELHO NACIONAL DE DESENVOLVIMENTO CIENTÍFICO E TECNOLÓGICO - CNPQpt_BR
dc.description.sponsordocumentnumber446032/2015-8pt_BR
dc.date.available2020-03-18T19:11:13Z-
dc.date.accessioned2020-03-18T19:11:13Z-
dc.description.provenanceSubmitted by Cintia Oliveira de Moura (cintiaom@unicamp.br) on 2020-03-18T19:11:13Z No. of bitstreams: 0. Added 1 bitstream(s) on 2020-07-20T14:18:14Z : No. of bitstreams: 1 000472894800012.pdf: 6249643 bytes, checksum: 590e9f3eadca00ab44648ce1f1080588 (MD5)en
dc.description.provenanceMade available in DSpace on 2020-03-18T19:11:13Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 0 Previous issue date: 2019en
dc.identifier.urihttp://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/336845-
dc.contributor.unidadeCentro de Pesquisas Meteorológicas e Climáticas Aplicadas à Agriculturapt_BR
dc.subject.keywordCities; Adaptationpt_BR
dc.subject.keywordVulnerability mappingpt_BR
dc.identifier.source472894800012pt_BR
dc.creator.orcid0000-0002-2654-7835pt_BR
dc.creator.orcidsem informaçãopt_BR
dc.type.formArtigo de Periódicopt_BR
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