Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/33675
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Effect of a carbamide peroxide bleaching gel containing calcium or fluoride on human enamel surface microhardness
Author: Oliveira, Rogério de
Paes Leme, Adriana Franco
Giannini, Marcelo
Abstract: This in vitro study evaluated the surface microhardness of human enamel submitted to bleaching with 10% carbamide peroxide (CP) containing calcium or fluoride. Ninety-eight dental blocks (5 x 5 mm²) with polished enamel surfaces were randomly assigned to 7 treatment groups (n=14), as follows: without bleaching and storage in artificial saliva (control); 10% CP; 10% CP + 0.05% calcium; 10% CP + 0.1% calcium; 10% CP + 0.2% calcium; 10% CP + 0.2% fluoride; and 10% CP + 0.5% fluoride. During 14 days, enamel surfaces were daily exposed to a 6-h bleaching regimen followed by storage in artificial saliva. Surface microhardness was measured before (baseline), during (7th day), immediately after bleaching (14th day) and 1 week post bleaching. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (p<0.05). All treatments reduced SM significantly during the bleaching cycle (7th day), immediately after bleaching (14th day) and 1 week post bleaching, compared to baseline and to the unbleached control group. In conclusion, in spite of the addition of calcium and fluoride, all bleaching treatments affected the enamel surface microhardness.
Este estudo in vitro avaliou microdureza superficial do esmalte após o clareamento com peróxido de carbamida a 10% (PC) contendo cálcio ou flúor. Noventa e oito blocos dentais (5 x 5 mm²) com a superfície do esmalte polido foram divididos em sete grupos experimentais (n=14): sem clareamento e armazenado em saliva artificial; 10% (PC); (3) 10% PC + 0,05% cálcio; 10% PC + 0,1% cálcio; 10% PC + 0,2% cálcio; 10% PC + 0,2% flúor; e 10% PC + 0,5% flúor. Os géis clareadores foram aplicados por 6 h durante 14 dias e após cada dia de tratamento, os espécimes foram armazenados em saliva artificial. A microdureza superficial foi mensurada antes (baseline), durante (7º dia), imediatamente após o clareamento (14º dia) e 1 semana após o fim do tratamento clareador. Os dados foram analisados pela ANOVA (2 fatores) e teste de Tukey (p<0.05). Os tratamentos clareadores reduziram significativamente a microdureza durante (7º dia), imediatamente após o clareamento (14º dia) e 1 semana após o seu término, quando comparados aos valores iniciais (baseline) e aos do grupo controle. Os achados deste estudo sugerem que, a despeito da adição de cálcio e flúor, todos os géis clareadores afetaram a microdureza superficial do esmalte.
Subject: bleaching
enamel
microhardness
fluoride
calcium
Editor: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/S0103-64402005000200003
Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-64402005000200003
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-64402005000200003
Date Issue: 1-Aug-2005
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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