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Type: Artigo
Title: Potential biomonitoring of atmospheric carbon dioxide in coffea arabica leaves using near-infrared spectroscopy and partial least squares discriminant analysis
Author: Tormena, Claudia Domiciano
Marcheafave, Gustavo Galo
Pauli, Elis Daiane
Bruns, Roy Edward
Scarminio, Ieda Spacino
Abstract: The potencial of Coffea arabica leaves as bioindicators of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) was evaluated in a free-air carbon dioxide enrichment (FACE) experiment by using near-infrared reflectance (NIR) spectroscopy for direct analysis and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA). A supervised classification model was built and validated from the spectra of coffee leaves grown under elevated and current CO2 levels. PLS-DA allowed correct test set classification of 92% of the elevated-CO2 level leaves and 100% of the current-CO2 level leaves. The spectral bands accounting for the discrimination of the elevated-CO2 leaves were at 1657 and 1698 nm, as indicated by the variable importance in the projection (VIP) score together with the regression coefficients. Seven months after suspension of enriched CO2, returning to current-CO2 levels, new spectral measurements were made and subjected to PLS-DA analysis. The predictive model correctly classified all leaves as grown under current-CO2 levels. The fingerprints suggest that after suspension of elevated-CO2, the spectral changes observed previously disappeared. The recovery could be triggered by two reasons: the relief of the stress stimulus or the perception of a return of favorable conditions. In addition, the results demonstrate that NIR spectroscopy can provide a rapid, nondestructive, and environmentally friendly method for biomonitoring leaves suffering environmental modification. Finally, C. arabica leaves associated with NIR and mathematical models have the potential to become a good biomonitoring system
Subject: Café
Country: Alemanha
Editor: Springer
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1007/s11356-019-06163-1
Date Issue: 2019
Appears in Collections:IQ - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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