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Type: Artigo
Title: Hyperinsulinemia is associated with increasing insulin secretion but not with decreasing insulin clearance in an age-related metabolic dysfunction mice model
Author: Kurauti, Mirian A.
Ferreira, Sandra M.
Soares, Gabriela M.
Vettorazzi, Jean F.
Carneiro, Everardo M.
Boschero, Antonio C.
Costa-Junior, Jose M.
Abstract: Human life expectancy is increasing faster lately and, consequently, the number of patients with age-related diseases such as type 2 diabetes (T2D) is rising every year. Cases of hyperinsulinemia have been extensively reported in elderly subjects and this alteration in blood insulin concentration is postulated to be a cause of insulin resistance, which in some cases triggers T2D onset. Thus, it is important to know the underlying mechanisms of age-dependent hyperinsulinemia to find new strategies to prevent T2D in elderly subjects. Two processes control blood insulin concentration: Insulin secretion by the endocrine portion of the pancreas and insulin clearance, which occurs mainly in the liver by the action of the insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE). Here, we demonstrated that 10-month-old mice (old) display increased body and fat pad weight, compared with 3-month-old mice (control), and these alterations were accompanied by glucose and insulin intolerance. We also confirm hyperinsulinemia in the old mice, which was related to increased insulin secretion but not to reduced insulin clearance. Although no changes in insulin clearance were observed, IDE activity was lower in the liver of old compared with the control mice. However, this decreased IDE activity was compensated by increased expression of IDE protein in the liver, thus explaining the similar insulin clearance observed in both groups. In conclusion, at the beginning of aging, 10-month-old mice do not display any alterations in insulin clearance. Therefore, hyperinsulinemia is initiated primarily due to a higher insulin secretion in the age-related metabolic dysfunction in mice
Subject: Hiperinsulinismo
Diabetes mellitus tipo 2
Country: Estados Unidos
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1002/jcp.27667
Date Issue: 2019
Appears in Collections:IB - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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