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Type: Artigo
Title: Structural and optical properties of europium- and titanium-doped Y2O3 nanoparticles
Author: Manali, Isis F.
Rodrigues, Lucas C. V.
Braga, Adriano H.
Galante, Douglas
Teixeira, Veronica C.
Abstract: Luminescent nanoparticles of Y2O3 doped with europium (Eu) and/or titanium (Ti) were synthesized using modified sol-gel routes. The crystalline cubic phase was confirmed using X-ray powder diffraction (XRD). Particle morphology and size were evaluated using scanning and transmission electron microscopy. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy showed that the synthesis method affected the average particle size and the Fourier transform of the images showed the lattice plane distances, indicating that the samples presented high crystallinity degree in accordance with the XRD pattern. The Ti valence was investigated using X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy and the tetravalent form was the dominant oxidizing state in the samples, mainly in Eu and Ti co-doped Y2O3. Optical behaviour was investigated through X-ray excited optical luminescence and photoluminescence under ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) and vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) excitation. Results indicated that Eu3+ is the emitting centre in samples doped with only Eu and with both Eu and Ti with the D-5(0)-> F-7(2) transition as the most intense, indicating Eu3+ in a noncentrosymmetric site. Finally, in the Eu,Ti-doped Y2O3 system, Ti3+ (or Ti-IV) excitation was observed but no Ti emission was present, indicating a very efficient energy transfer process from Ti to Eu3+. These results can aid the development of efficient nanomaterials, activated using UV, VUV, or X-rays
Subject: Radiação sincrotrônica
Country: Reino Unido
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1002/bio.3747
Date Issue: 2019
Appears in Collections:IQ - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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