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Type: Artigo
Title: Optimization Of The Extraction Of Phenolic Compounds From Purple Corn Cob (zea Mays L.) By Sequential Extraction Using Supercritical Carbon Dioxide, Ethanol And Water As Solvents
Author: Monroy
Yaneth M.; Rodrigues
Rodney A. F.; Sartoratto
Adilson; Cabral
Fernando A.
Abstract: Purple corn cob (Zea mays L.) extracts were obtained by sequential extraction in fixed bed, using GRAS solvents (Generally Recognized as Safe) ordered by increasing polarity, as follows: supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO(2)) (nonpolar) in a first step, ethanol (polarity 5.2) in a second step, and water (polarity 9.0) in a third step at the same conditions of temperature and pressure. CCRD (Central Composite Rotatable Design) was used to study the effect of pressure (259-541 bar) and temperature (36-64 degrees C) on the following parameters: overall yield (X-0) of each extraction step; yield and content of total monomeric anthocyanins (TMA), total phenolics (TP), and total flavonoids (TF); antioxidant activity (AA) expressed as effective concentration EC50/DPPH responsible for 50% decrease in the initial activity; color by CIELAB L*a*b* system. Quantification of specific anthocyanins was performed by HPLC. The process was optimized using response surface methodology (RSM), and the best responses were: X-0 of 15.4% in the 3rd step at 65 degrees C and 440 bar; TMA of 64 mg cyanidin-3-glucoside per gram extract in the 2nd step at 45 degrees C and 420 bar; TF of 93.7 mg catechin equivalents per gram extract obtained in the 3rd step at 50 degrees C and 400 bar; TP of 389 mg gallic acid equivalents per gram extract, and AA (EC50/DPPH) of 21 mu g/mL in the 2nd step at 65 degrees C and 450 bar. The color of the extracts was affected by the type of solvent, and the highest cyanidin 3-glycoside concentration was observed in the 2nd extraction step, with values of 26-38 mg per gram extract, determined by HPLC. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Subject: Supercritical Technology
Fixed Bed
Antioxidant Activity
Response Surface Methodology
Editor: Elsevier Science BV
Citation: The Journal Of Supercritical Fluids. Elsevier Science Bv, v. 116, p. 10 - 19, 2016.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.supflu.2016.04.011
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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