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Type: Artigo
Title: Pennsylvanian - Early Cisuralian Interglacial Macrofloristic Succession In Parana Basin Of The State Of Sao Paulo
Author: Cerruti Bernardes-de-Oliveira
Mary Elizabeth; Kavali
Pauline Sabina; Mune
Sandra Eiko; Shivanna
Mahesh; de Souza
Paulo Alves; Lannuzzi
Roberto; Jasper
Andre; Hoelzel
Amanda; Boardman
Daiana R.; Rohn
Rosemarie; Ricardi-Branco
Abstract: One of the most completely preserved glacial sedimentary records from the Late Carboniferous to the Early Permian time corresponds to the Itarare Group, which presents a large outcropping thickness in the northeastern border of Parana Basin, especially in the State of Sao Paulo. This unit corresponds to the base of the Gondwana I Supersequence and is composed of continental to marine glacial and interglacial deposits. Based on some macrofloristic, lithostratigraphic and palynostratigraphic data, a formal scheme of the macrofloral succession is herein proposed for this interval, comprising five associations in ascending stratigraphic order namely: (1) Dwykea-Sublagenicula-Calamospora Association (recorded in Campinas Municipality), composed of lycophyte megaspores (Sublagenicula, Trileites and Calamospora sp.) and some bryophytes (Dwykea), concerning to a coastal glacial or coastal interglacial environment; (2) Eusphenopteris-Nothorhacopteris-Botrychiopsis Association (registered in Itapeva and Buri municipalities), composed of Eusphenopteris, Nothorhacopteris, Botrychiopsis, Paracalamites spp. along with Sphenophyllum, Koretrophyllites, Noeggerathiopsis and rare Cordaicarpus and Samaropsis concerning to an interglacial deltaic plain associated to coal forming swamps with cold temperate hydro-hygrophilous vegetation; (3) Paranocladus-Ginkgophyllum-Brasilodendron Association (registered in Monte Mor Municipality), composed of the first conifers of the Parana Basin (Paranocladus, Paranospermum and few Buriadia-type), lycophytes (Brasilodendron, Bumbudendron), Ginkgophyllum, Noeggerathiopsis, Samaropsis and Cordaicarpus and rare Nothorhacopteris, Botrychiopsis, Koretrophyllites and Sphenophyllum, interpreted as interglacial deltaic flood plain; (4) Dwykea-Sublagenicula-Calamospora Recurrent Association (recorded in Salto Municipality), composed of bryophytes (Dwykea) and lycopod megaspores, very similar to the first association, related to a coastal glacial or coastal interglacial depositional environment with a type-tundra vegetational cover; and (5) Gangamopteris Arberia-Stephanophyllites Association (occurring in Tiete and Cerquilho municipalities), composed of the first glossopterid leaves and fructifications of the Parana Basin (abundant Gangamopteris, Arberia, Arberiopsis and Hirsutum) and sphenophytes (Stephanophyllites and Phyllotheca), suggested as coastal prograding or alluvial environment, of an interglacial phase at the end of the sedimentary history of the Itarare Group. The first four associations are of Pennsylvanian age while the last one is of Asselian-Sakmarian age. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Macrofloral Successions
Itarare Group
Interglacial Floras
Parana Basin
Western Gondwana
Editor: Pergamon-Elsevier Science LTD
Citation: Journal Of South American Earth Sciences. Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd , v. 72, p. 351 - 374, 2016.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.jsames.2016.09.004
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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