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Type: Artigo
Title: Burnout In Medical Oncology Fellows: A Prospective Multicenter Cohort Study In Brazilian Institutions
Author: Cubero
Daniel I. G.; Lins Fumis
Renata Rego; de Sa
Thiago Herick; Dettino
Aldo; Costa
Felipe Osrio; Adam Van Eyll
Brigitte M. R. H.; Beato
Carlos; Peria
Fernanda Maris; Mota
Augusto; Altino
Jose; Azevedo
Sergio Jobim; da Rocha Filho
Duilio Reis; Moura
Melba; Ramos Lessa
Alvaro Edson; del Giglio
Abstract: Burnout syndrome is a common occurrence among oncologists. Doctors enrolled in residency programs in clinical oncology are exposed to similar risk factors; however, few data are available in this population. This study assessed the occurrence of burnout and associated factors among first-year residents at Brazilian institutions. The present prospective, multicenter, cohort study was conducted with doctors enrolled in residency programs in clinical oncology at Brazilian institutions affiliated with the public health system. The participants answered a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), Lipp's Stress Inventory, and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), upon admission to the program and 6 and 12 months later. Of 37 eligible residency programs in 2009, 11 (30.6 %) agreed to participate in the study. Fifty-four residents, representing 100 % of new admissions to the participating institutions, were included. Most of the participants met the criteria for severe burnout upon admission to the residency programs (emotional exhaustion in 49.0 % and depersonalization in 64.7 %). The scores on MBI domains emotional exhaustion and depersonalization increased significantly (p < 0.01) during the first year of residency, and the prevalence of burnout increased to 88 % at the end of that first year. The present study found a high prevalence of burnout among doctors enrolled in residency programs in clinical oncology at Brazilian institutions. A large fraction of the participants met the criteria for burnout syndrome upon admission to the program, which suggests that the problem began during the course of the previous residency program in internal medicine.
Subject: Burnout
Medical Oncology
Cohort Studies
Prospective Studies
Editor: Springer
New York
Citation: Journal Of Cancer Education. Springer, v. 31, p. 582 - 587, 2016.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1007/s13187-015-0850-z
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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