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Type: Artigo
Title: Fishers' Knowledge Indicates Short-term Temporal Changes In The Amount And Composition Of Catches In The Southwestern Atlantic
Author: Lima
Evelyn G.; Begossi
Alpina; Hallwass
Gustavo; Silvano
Renato A. M.
Abstract: The scarcity of data on fish catches difficult management of small-scale fisheries in developing countries. This study applies fishers' knowledge to investigate temporal changes in the amount (biomass) and composition (major ecological categories) of fishing resources exploited by small-scale coastal fisheries in the southeastern Brazilian coast. Four hypotheses were investigated: (1) The amount of fish caught reported by fishers would decrease over time. (2) Older fishers would report higher fish catches than younger fishers. (3) Recent interviews would mention large-sized predators less often. (4) Recent interviews would mention less high valued fishing resources. Interviews with 421 fishers in 36 communities in the southeastern Brazilian coast were analyzed, covering a time span of 14 years, from 1995 to 2009. The hypothesis 1 was confirmed, 3 was partially confirmed, while 2 and 4 were not confirmed. Fishers' age was unrelated to all variables. The results from fishers' interviews indicated the temporal trends of: (1) a decrease in the biomass of fish caught; (2) an increase in the occurrence of smaller fish and invertebrates in the catch; (3) an increase of high value fishing resources; and (4) maintenance of large predators. The first two indicators suggest excessive fishing, but the later indicators (3 and 4) suggest that the socioecological system of the southeastern Brazilian coast had not yet undergone major ecological shifts. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Overfishing
Small-scale Fisheries
Fisheries Management
Fishing Down Food Webs
Ecological Shifts
Food Security
Fishing Impacts
Editor: Elsevier Sci LTD
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2016.05.008
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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