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dc.titleThe Rich Sides Of Mountain Summits: A Pan-european View On Aspect Preferences Of Alpine Plantsen
dc.contributor.authorManuela; Lamprechtpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorAndrea; Steinbauerpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorKlaus; Huelberpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorKarl; Theurillatpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorJean-Paul; Breinerpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorFrank; Cholerpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorPhilippe; Ertlpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorSiegrun; Gironpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorAlba Gutierrez; Rossipt_BR
dc.contributor.authorGraziano; Vittozpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorPascal; Akhalkatsipt_BR
dc.contributor.authorMaia; Baypt_BR
dc.contributor.authorChristian; Alonsopt_BR
dc.contributor.authorJose-Luis Benito; Bergstrompt_BR
dc.contributor.authorTomas; Carranzapt_BR
dc.contributor.authorMaria Laura; Corcketpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorEmmanuel; Dickpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorJan; Erschbamerpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorBrigitta; Calzadopt_BR
dc.contributor.authorRosa Fernandez; Fosaapt_BR
dc.contributor.authorAnna Maria; Gavilanpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorRosario G.; Ghosnpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorDany; Gigauript_BR
dc.contributor.authorKhatuna; Huberpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorDoris; Kankapt_BR
dc.contributor.authorRobert; Kazakispt_BR
dc.contributor.authorGeorge; Klipppt_BR
dc.contributor.authorMartin; Kollarpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorJozef; Kudernatschpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorThomas; Larssonpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorPer; Mallaunpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorMartin; Michelsenpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorOttar; Moiseevpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorPavel; Moiseevpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorDmitry; Molaupt_BR
dc.contributor.authorUlf; Mesapt_BR
dc.contributor.authorJoaquin Molero; di Cellapt_BR
dc.contributor.authorUmberto Morra; Nagypt_BR
dc.contributor.authorLaszlo; Peteypt_BR
dc.contributor.authorMartina; Puscaspt_BR
dc.contributor.authorMihai; Rixenpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorChristian; Staniscipt_BR
dc.contributor.authorAngela; Suenpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorMichael; Syverhusetpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorAnne O.; Tomasellipt_BR
dc.contributor.authorMarcello; Unterluggauerpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorPeter; Ursupt_BR
dc.contributor.authorTudor; Villarpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorLuis; Gottfriedpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorMichael; Paulipt_BR
dc.contributor.authorHaraldpt_BR[Nagy, Laszlo] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Biol Vegetal, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP, Brazilpt_BR[Winkler, Manuelapt_BR, Andreapt_BR, Klauspt_BR, Michaelpt_BR, Harald] Austrian Acad Sci, Inst Interdisciplinary Mt Res, GLORIA Coordinat, Silbergasse 30-3, A-1190 Vienna, Austriapt_BR[Winkler, Manuelapt_BR, Andreapt_BR, Klauspt_BR, Michaelpt_BR, Harald] Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci Vienna BOKU, Ctr Global Change & Sustainabil, Silbergasse 30-3, A-1190 Vienna, Austriapt_BR[Huelber, Karlpt_BR, Siegrunpt_BR, Michael] Univ Vienna, Dept Bot & Biodivers Res, A-1030 Vienna, Austriapt_BR[Huelber, Karl] Vienna Inst Nat Conservat & Anal, A-1090 Vienna, Austriapt_BR[Theurillat, Jean-Paul] Fdn JM Aubert, Ctr Alpien Phytogeog, CH-1938 Champex Lac, Switzerlandpt_BR[Theurillat, Jean-Paul] Univ Geneva, Biol Sect, CH-1292 Chambesy, Switzerlandpt_BR[Breiner, Frank] Swiss Fed Inst Forest Snow & Landscape Res WSL, CH-8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerlandpt_BR[Breiner, Frank] Univ Lausanne, Dept Ecol & Evolut, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerlandpt_BR[Choler, Philippe] Univ Grenoble Alpes, LECA, F-38000 Grenoble, Francept_BR[Choler, Philippe] CNRS, LTER Zone Atelier Alpes, F-38000 Grenoble, Francept_BR[Giron, Alba Gutierrezpt_BR, Rosario G.] Univ Complutense Madrid, Dept Plant Biol 2, E-28040 Madrid, Spainpt_BR[Rossi, Graziano] Univ Pavia, Dept Earth & Environm Sci, I-27100 Pavia, Italypt_BR[Vittoz, Pascal] Univ Lausanne, Inst Earth Surface Dynam, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerlandpt_BR[Akhalkatsi, Maia] Ilia State Univ, Inst Bot, GE-0162 Tbilisi, Rep of Georgiapt_BR[Bay, Christian] Aarhus Univ, Inst Biosci, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmarkpt_BR[Alonso, Jose-Luis Benitopt_BR, Luis] CSIC, Inst Pirenaico Ecol, Jaca 22700, Spainpt_BR[Bergstrom, Tomas] Cty Adm Board Jamtlands Lan, Environm Monitoring, S-83186 Ostersund, Swedenpt_BR[Carranza, Maria Laurapt_BR, Angela] Univ Molise, Dip Biosci & Terr, EnvixLab, I-86090 Pesche, Italypt_BR[Corcket, Emmanuel] Univ Bordeaux, UMR BioGeCo 1202, F-33600 Pessac, Francept_BR[Corcket, Emmanuel] INRA, UMR BioGeCo 1202, F-33600 Pessac, Francept_BR[Dick, Jan] Ctr Ecol & Hydrol, Penicuik EH26 0QB, Midlothian, Scotlandpt_BR[Erschbamer, Brigittapt_BR, Martinpt_BR, Peter] Univ Innbruck, Inst Bot, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austriapt_BR[Calzado, Rosa Fernandezpt_BR, Joaquin Molero] Univ Granada, Dept Bot, E-18071 Granada, Spainpt_BR[Fosaa, Anna Maria] Faroese Museum Nat Hist, Dept Bot, Torshavn 100, Denmarkpt_BR[Ghosn, Danypt_BR, George] Mediterranean Agron Inst Chania, Dept Geoinformat Environm Management, Khania 73100, Greecept_BR[Gigauri, Khatuna] Ilia State Univ, Inst Ecol, GE-0162 Tbilisi, Rep of Georgiapt_BR[Huber, Doris] Nationalpk Berchtesgaden, D-83471 Berchtesgaden, Germanypt_BR[Kanka, Robertpt_BR, Jozef] Slovak Acad Sci, Inst Landscape Ecol, Bratislava 81499, Slovakiapt_BR[Klipp, Martin] Referat Nat Schutz, Amt Steiermark Landesregierung, A-8010 Graz, Austriapt_BR[Kudernatsch, Thomas] Bayer Landesanstalt Wald & Forstwirtschaft, Abt Biodivers Nat Schutz, D-85354 Freising Weihenstephan, Germanypt_BR[Larsson, Perpt_BR, Ulf] Univ Gothenburg, Dept Biol & Environm Sci, S-40530 Gothenburg, Swedenpt_BR[Michelsen, Ottar] Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, NTNU Sustainabil, N-7491 Trondheim, Norwaypt_BR[Moiseev, Pavelpt_BR, Dmitry] Russian Acad Sci, Inst Plant & Anim Ecol, Ekaterinburg 620144, Russiapt_BR[di Cella, Umberto Morrapt_BR, Martina] Agenzia Reg Protez Ambiente Valle dAosta ARPA, I-11020 St Christophe, Italypt_BR[Puscas, Mihai] Univ Babes Bolyai, A Borza Bot Garden, Cluj Napoca 400015, Romaniapt_BR[Rixen, Christian] WSL Inst Snow & Avalanche Res SLF, CH-7260 Davos, Switzerlandpt_BR[Syverhuset, Anne O.] Norwegian Inst Nat Res NINA, N-7485 Trondheim, Norwaypt_BR[Tomaselli, Marcello] Univ Parma, Dept Life Sci, I-43100 Parma, Italypt_BR[Ursu, Tudor] Natl Inst Res & Dev Biol Sci, Inst Biol Res, Cluj Napoca 400015, Romaniapt_BR
dc.subjectAlpine Life Zoneen
dc.subjectClimate Changeen
dc.subjectLong-term Monitoringen
dc.subjectSlope Aspecten
dc.subjectSoil Temperatureen
dc.subjectSpecies Diversityen
dc.subjectVascular Plantsen
dc.description.abstractIn the alpine life zone, plant diversity is strongly determined by local topography and microclimate. We assessed the extent to which aspect and its relatedness to temperature affect plant species diversity, and the colonization and disappearance of species on alpine summits on a pan-European scale. Location Mountain summits in Europe's alpine life zone. Methods Vascular plant species and their percentage cover were recorded in permanent plots in each cardinal direction on 123 summits in 32 regions across Europe. For a subset from 17 regions, resurvey data and 6-year soil temperature series were available. Differences in temperature sum and Shannon index as well as species richness, colonization and disappearance of species among cardinal directions were analysed using linear mixed-effects and generalised mixed-effects models, respectively. Results Temperature sums were higher in east-and south-facing aspects than in the north-facing ones, while the west-facing ones were intermediate; differences were smallest in northern Europe. The patterns of temperature sums among aspects were consistent among years. In temperate regions, thermal differences were reflected by plant diversity, whereas this relationship was weaker or absent on Mediterranean and boreal mountains. Colonization of species was positively related to temperature on Mediterranean and temperate mountains, whereas disappearance of species was not related to temperature. Main conclusions Thermal differences caused by solar radiation determine plant species diversity on temperate mountains. Advantages for plants on eastern slopes may result from the combined effects of a longer diurnal period of radiation due to convection cloud effects in the afternoon and the sheltered position against the prevailing westerly winds. In northern Europe, long summer days and low sun angles can even out differences among aspects. On Mediterranean summits, summer drought may limit species numbers on the warmer slopes. Warmer aspects support a higher number of colonization events. Hence, aspect can be a principal determinant of the pace of climate-induced migration processes.en
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Biogeographypt_BR
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Biogeography. Wiley-blackwell, v. 43, p. 2261 - 2273, 2016.pt_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipEuropean Union FP-5 project GLORIA-Europe [EVK2-CT-2000-0006]pt_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipSwiss MAVA Foundationpt_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipSlovak grant agency, Switzerland [VEGA 2/0025/13, OFES 00.0184-1]pt_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipRussian Foundation for Basic Research [RFBR 15-05-05549 A]pt_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipNorwegian Environment Agencypt_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipLTER 'Zone Atelier Alpes' - CNRSpt_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipMadrid Regional Government [S2013/MAE-2719]pt_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipAragon Regional Government (Dept. of Environment, GLORIA-Aragon Project)pt_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Parks Berchtesgaden (Germany)pt_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipGesause (Austria)pt_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipMercantour (France)pt_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipSierra Nevada and Ordesa-Monte Perdido (Spain)pt_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipCairngorms (Scotland)pt_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipSwiss National Parkpt_BR
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