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Type: Artigo
Title: Ventricular Myocyte Injury By High-intensity Electric Field: Effect Of Pulse Duration
Author: Prado
Luiza N. S.; Goulart
Jair T.; Zoccoler
Marcelo; Oliveira
Pedro X.
Abstract: Although high-intensity electric fields (HEF) application is currently the only effective therapy available to terminate ventricular fibrillation, it may cause injury to cardiac cells. In this study we determined the relation between HEF pulse length and cardiomyocyte lethal injury. We obtained lethality curves by survival analysis, which were used to determine the value of HEF necessary to kill 50% of cells (E-50) and plotted a strength-duration (SxD) curve for lethality with 10 different durations: 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 1, 3, 5, 10, 20, 35 and 70 ms. For the same durations we also obtained an SxD curve for excitation and established an indicator for stimulatory safeness (stimulation safety factor - SSF) as the ratio between the SxD curve for lethality and one for excitation. We found that the lower the pulse duration, the higher the HEF intensity required to cell death. Contrary to expectations, the highest SSF value does not correspond to the lowest pulse duration but to the one of 0.5 ms. As defibrillation threshold has been described as duration-dependent, our results imply that the use of shorter stimulus duration - instead of the one typically used in the clinic (10 ms)- might increase defibrillation safeness.
Subject: Defibrillator-like Shocks
Lethality Curve
Strength-duration Curve
Stimulation Safety Factor
Editor: General Physiol and Biophysics
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.4149/gpb_2015047
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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