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Type: Artigo
Title: Symmetries And Unitary Interactions Of Mass Dimension One Fermionic Dark Matter
Author: Lee
Abstract: The fermionic fields constructed from Elko have several unexpected properties. They satisfy the Klein-Gordon but not the Dirac equation and are of mass dimension one instead of three-half. Starting with the Klein-Gordon Lagrangian, we initiate a careful study of the symmetries and interactions of these fermions and their higher-spin generalisations. We find, although the fermions are of mass dimension one, the four-point fermionic self-interaction violates unitarity at high-energy. Therefore, it cannot be a fundamental interaction of the theory. It follows that for the spin-half fermions, the demand of renormalisability and unitarity forbids four-point interactions and only allows for the Yukawa interaction. For fermions with spin j>1/2, they have no renormalisable or unitary interactions. Since the theory is described by a Klein-Gordon Lagrangian, the interaction generated by the local U(1) gauge symmetry which contains a four-point interaction, is excluded by the demand of renormalisability. In the context of the Standard Model, these properties make the spin-half fermions natural dark matter candidates.
Subject: Elko
Mass Dimension One Fields
Unitary Interactions
Editor: World Scientific Publ CO PTE LTD
Citation: International Journal Of Modern Physics A. World Scientific Publ Co Pte Ltd, v. 31, p. , 2016.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1142/S0217751X16501876
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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