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Type: Artigo
Title: Jumping Into A Trap: High Prevalence Of Chytrid Fungus In The Preferred Microhabitats Of A Bromeliad-specialist Frog
Author: Ruano-Fajardo
Gustavo; Toledo
Luis Felipe; Mott
Abstract: The chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) has been identified as a major threat to several amphibian populations in tropical forests. Amphibians that inhabit the phytotelmata (water tanks) of bromeliads may be especially at risk of Bd infection since the humid, environmentally buffered microhabitat that they prefer might also be favorable for Bd persistence on the host. To test this hypothesis, we sampled adults and tadpoles of the bromeligenous anuran Phyllodytes edelmoi (endemic to the northern Brazilian Atlantic Forest) from the bromeliad Portea leptantha for Bd, using qPCR. We also analyzed 8 bromeliad characteristics: water tank temperature and pH, canopy closure, tank diameter, number of leaves, bromeliad maximum column depth to store water, bromeliad relative volume, and season. Adult frogs preferentially selected bromeliads with a smaller diameter, more leaves and a relatively higher volume of water. We found that Bd was more prevalent in frogs inhabiting bromeliad phytotelmata with smaller diameters, suggesting that the behavioral preferences of P. edelmoi may be driving Bd infection patterns. Therefore, species such as P. edelmoi will be trapped by their own natural history traits.
Subject: Pathogen
Batrachochytrium Dendrobatidis
Atlantic Forest
Editor: Inter-Research
Oldendorf Luhe
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.3354/dao03045
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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