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Type: Artigo
Title: Characterization Of A Novel Endoplasmic Reticulum Protein Involved In Tubercidin Resistance In Leishmania Major
Author: Aoki
Juliana Ide; Coelho
Adriano Cappellazzo; Muxel
Sandra Marcia; Zampieri
Ricardo Andrade; Ramos Sanchez
Eduardo Milton; Nerland
Audun Helge; Floeter-Winter
Lucile Maria; Cotrim
Paulo Cesar
Abstract: Tubercidin (TUB) is a toxic adenosine analog with potential antiparasitic activity against Leishmania, with mechanism of action and resistance that are not completely understood. For understanding the mechanisms of action and identifying the potential metabolic pathways affected by this drug, we employed in this study an overexpression/selection approach using TUB for the identification of potential targets, as well as, drug resistance genes in L. major. Although, TUB is toxic to the mammalian host, these findings can provide evidences for a rational drug design based on purine pathway against leishmaniasis. Methodology/Principal findings After transfection of a cosmid genomic library into L. major Friedlin (LmjF) parasites and application of the overexpression/selection method, we identified two cosmids (cosTUB1 and cosTU2) containing two different loci capable of conferring significant levels of TUB resistance. In the cosTUB1 contained a gene encoding NUPM1-like protein, which has been previously described as associated with TUB resistance in L. amazonensis. In the cosTUB2 we identified and characterized a gene encoding a 63 kDa protein that we denoted as tubercidin-resistance protein (TRP). Functional analysis revealed that the transfectants were less susceptible to TUB than LmjF parasites or those transfected with the control vector. In addition, the trp mRNA and protein levels in cosTUB2 transfectants were higher than LmjF. TRP immunolocalization revealed that it was co-localized to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), a cellular compartment with many functions. In silico predictions indicated that TRP contains only a hypothetical transmembrane domain. Thus, it is likely that TRP is a lumen protein involved in multidrug efflux transport that may be involved in the purine metabolic pathway. Conclusions/Significance This study demonstrated for the first time that TRP is associated with TUB resistance in Leishmania. The next challenge is to determine how TRP mediates TUB resistance and whether purine metabolism is affected by this protein in the parasite. Finally, these findings may be helpful for the development of alternative anti-leishmanial drugs that target purine pathway.
Editor: Public Library Science
San Francisco
Citation: Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases. Public Library Science, v. 10, p. , 2016.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0004972
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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