Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/328011
Type: Artigo
Title: Characterization Of French Coriander Oil As Source Of Petroselinic Acid
Author: Uitterhaegen
Evelien; Sampaio
Klicia A.; Delbeke
Elisabeth I. P.; De Greyt
Wim; Cerny
Muriel; Evon
Philippe; Merah
Othmane; Talou
Thierry; Stevens
Christian V.
Abstract: Coriander vegetable oil was extracted from fruits of French origin in a 23% yield. The oil was of good quality, with a low amount of free fatty acids (1.8%) and a concurrently high amount of triacylglycerols (98%). It is a rich source of petroselinic acid (C18:1n-12), an important renewable building block, making up 73% of all fatty acids, with also significant amounts of linoleic acid (14%), oleic acid (6%), and palmitic acid (3%). The oil was characterized by a high unsaponifiable fraction, comprising a substantial amount of phytosterols (6.70 g/kg). The main sterol markers were -sitosterol (35% of total sterols), stigmasterol (24%), and (7)-stigmastenol (18%). Squalene was detected at an amount of 0.2 g/kg. A considerable amount of tocols were identified (500 mg/kg) and consisted mainly of tocotrienols, with -tocotrienol as the major compound. The phospholipid content was low at 0.3%, of which the main phospholipid classes were phosphatidic acid (33%), phosphatidylcholine (25%), phosphatidylinositol (17%), and phosphatidylethanolamine (17%). About 50% of all phospholipids were non-hydratable. The -carotene content was low at 10 mg/kg, while a significant amount of chlorophyll was detected at about 11 mg/kg. An iron content of 1.4 mg/kg was determined through element analysis of the vegetable oil. The influence of fruit origin on the vegetable oil composition was shown to be very important, particularly in terms of the phospholipids, sterols, and tocols composition.
Subject: Coriandrum Sativum L
Vegetable Oil
Petroselinic Acid
Tocols
Phytosterols
Editor: MDPI AG
Basel
Citation: Molecules. Mdpi Ag, v. 21, p. , 2016.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.3390/molecules21091202
Address: http://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/21/9/1202
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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