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|Title:||Increased Glutathione Levels Contribute To The Beneficial Effects Of Hydrogen Sulfide And Inducible Nitric Oxide Inhibition In Allergic Lung Inflammation|
Felipe G.; Gurgueira
Sonia A.; Vercesi
Anibal E.; Teixeira
Simone A.; Costa
Soraia K. P.; Muscara
Marcelo N.; Ferreira
Heloisa H. A.
|Abstract:||The interaction between nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in the airways could have significant implications for the pathogenesis and therapeutic effects of both on lung diseases. In this study we investigated whether the beneficial effects of H2S on asthma could be comparable to that inhibition of inducible NO synthase (iNOS). Methods: Female BALB/C mice sensitized with ovalbumin (OVA) received either the H2S donor sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS, 14 mu mol/kg) or the iNOS inhibitor 1400W (1 mg/kg), 30 min before each OVA challenge during six days. On the first, second and sixth days, the leucocyte infiltration in lung parenchyma and bronchoalveolar lavage was evaluated. The aconitase activity (a sensor of O-2(center dot-) formation) and lipid peroxidation, as well as levels of reduced glutathione (GSH) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG) were determined in the lung tissues. Results: OVA-challenge caused a significant and time-dependent increase in the eosinophil number in the airways, which was accompanied by a significant decrease of aconitase activity and GSH/GSSG ratio along with enhanced lipid peroxidation in the lungs. Treatment with NaHS or 1400 W significantly attenuated the airways eosinophilia that was paralleled by an increase in aconitase activity and decrease of lipid peroxidation. NaHS or 1400 W treatments also reversed the decreased GSH/GSSG ratio seen after OVA-challenge. Conclusions: The present study shows for the first time that the increased GSH/GSSG ratio caused by either H2S supplementation or iNOS-inhibition is a potential mechanism protecting airways against oxidative stress and inflammatory lung diseases. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Subject:||Reduced Glutathione (gsh)/oxidized Glutathione (gssg) Ratio|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science BV|
|Citation:||International Immunopharmacology. Elsevier Science Bv, v. 39, p. 57 - 62, 2016.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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