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Type: Artigo
Title: Are There Bandits At Serra Do Mar State Park? Conflicts, Strategies And Multiple Uses Of Natural Resources In The Atlantic Forest Of Sao Paulo
Author: Calvimontes
Jorge; Ferreira
Lucia da Costa
Abstract: The history of the relationship between inhabitants and managers of the Picinguaba Administrative Nucleus in the Serra do Mar State Park (SMSP) is characterized by conflicts related to the rights to permanence and to the use of natural resources. The SMPS is located in the northern coast of Sao Paulo State, the richest and more developed state of Brazil. Created in 1977, the park remained on paper until the beginning of the 1980s decade. At this moment, these inhabitants, rural workers and fishermen, were delegitimized and lost their rights to work and to continue their cultural and productive activities. Since then, the inhabitants were considered illegal or, on their own words, "bandits", due to the Brazilian law prohibiting the presence of inhabitants inside the Protected Areas with strictly protection. This research aims to analyze the conflicts, strategies and organization of the different social actors (inhabitants, managers, members of NGOs and researchers) related to the Picinguaba Nucleus, the use of natural resources and the access to land. All these actors have their own interests, perspectives, struggles and action strategies, and organize themselves around them in a very complex and multi-level arena. This conflict caused new forms of social organization in the SMSP: local leaders arose and communal associations that aim the struggle for the inhabitants rights were created. Three issues are transversal to this conflict and the strategies followed by the actors along the years: land issue, identity issue and use and conservation of natural resources issue. Thus, the inhabitants were organized around the struggle for their right to land, and using categories such as traditional people. All of this in a context with a Protected Area with strictly protection, located in a region not only with high biodiversity, but with a history of use of natural resources and human occupation.
Subject: Arenas
Social Conflicts
Biodiversity Conservation
Protected Areas
Multiple Uses Of Natural Resources
Traditional People
Editor: Univ Federal Parana, Editora
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.5380/dma.v38i0.45358
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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