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Type: Artigo
Title: Synthesis Of Structured Triacylglycerols Enriched In N-3 Fatty Acids By Immobilized Microbial Lipase
Author: Melo Branco de Araujo
Maria Elisa; Bueno Campos
Paula Renata; Alberto
Thiago Grando; Contesini
Fabiano Jares; Carvalho
Patricia de Oliveira
Abstract: The search for new biocatalysts has aroused great interest due to the variety of microorganisms and their role as enzyme producers. Native lipases from Aspergillus niger and Rhizopus javanicus were used to enrich the n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids content in the triacylglycerols of soybean oil by acidolysis with free fatty acids from sardine oil in solvent-free media. For the immobilization process, the best lipase/support ratios were 1:3 (w/w) for Aspergillus niger lipase and 1:5 (w/w) for Rhizopus javanicus lipase using Amberlite MB-1. Both lipases maintained constant activity for 6 months at 4 degrees C. Reaction time, sardine-free fatty acids:soybean oil mole ratio and initial water content of the lipase were investigated to determine their effects on n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids incorporation into soybean oil. Structured triacylglycerols with 11.7 and 7.2% of eicosapentaenoic acid + docosahexaenoic acid were obtained using Aspergillus niger lipase and Rhizopus javanicus lipase, decreasing the n-6/n-3 fatty acids ratio of soybean oil (11:1 to 3.5:1 and 4.7:1, respectively). The best reaction conditions were: initial water content of lipase of 0.86% (w/w), sardine-free faty acids:soybean oil mole ratio of 3:1 and reaction time of 36 h, at 40 degrees C. The significant factors for the acidolysis reaction were the sardine-free fatty acids:soybean oil mole ratio and reaction time. The characterization of structured triacylglycerols was obtained using easy ambient sonic-spray ionization mass spectrometry. The enzymatic reaction led to the formation of many structured triacylglycerols containing eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid or both polyunsaturated fatty acids. (C) 2016 Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda.
Subject: Lipase
Soybean Oil
Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids
Editor: Soc Brasileira Microbiologia
São Paulo
Citation: Brazilian Journal Of Microbiology. Soc Brasileira Microbiologia, v. 47, p. 1006 - 1013, 2016.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.bjm.2016.07.003
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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