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Type: Artigo
Title: Spray Drying Of Pequi Pulp: Process Performance And Physicochemical And Nutritional Properties Of The Powdered Pulp
Author: Santana
Audirene; Kurozawa
Louise; Oliveira
Rafael; Park
Abstract: The objective of this work was to optimize the spray drying of pequi pulp using maltodextrin as carrier agent and Tween 80 as surfactant agent. A central composite rotatable design was used to evaluate the influence of inlet air temperature (140 to 200 degrees C), maltodextrin (15 to 30%) and surfactant (0 to 5%) concentration on the process performance and physicochemical and nutritional properties of the dried powdered pulp. The dependent variables were process yield (27.4 - 51.7%), outlet air temperature (106.5 - 135 degrees C), energetic efficiency (29.9 - 44.8%), moisture content (0.25 - 1.43%), water activity (0.09 to 0.21), hygroscopicity (9.1 - 12.1 g adsorbed moisture/100g dry matter), vitamin C content (129.8 - 303.0 mg/g solids pequi) and total carotenoids content (8.2 - 94.9 mg carotenoids/g solids pequi). The spray drying of pequi pulp was optimized for maximum vitamin C and total carotenoids content using response surface methodology, which were attained at 152 degrees C, surfactant concentration of 1% and maltodextrin concentration of 18%. The characterization of the pequi pulp powder obtained at the optimized condition evaluating the particles sizes, bulk density and porosity. The morphology showed spherical and smooth particles with several sizes.
Subject: Fruit
Tween 80
Powder Property
Screening Design
Editor: Inst Tecnologia Parana
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/1678-4324-2016150362
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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