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Type: Artigo
Title: Dual Protection To Address The Global Syndemic Of Hiv And Unintended Pregnancy In Brazil
Author: Tsuyuki
Kiyomi; Gipson
Jessica D.; Urada
Lianne A.; Barbosa
Regina Maria; Morisky
Donald E.
Abstract: Syndemic HIV and unintended pregnancy is prevalent in Brazil, where 79% of female HIV cases occur in women of reproductive age and 55% of all pregnancies are unintended. Although increasing condom use to prevent HIV may decrease non-barrier contraception and increase unintended pregnancy, few studies focus on dual protection or dual methods (condoms with another modern contraceptive). Aim To describe the correlates of dual method use and consistent condom use in women of reproductive age in Brazil. Method Data are from the 2006 Pesquisa Nacional de Demografia e Saude da Mulher e da Crianca, a decennial nationally representative household survey of women of reproductive age in Brazil. Multivariate logistic regression models identify the socio-demographic, sexual debut, fertility and relationship factors associated with dual method use and consistent condom use. Results Two-thirds of contracepting women in Brazil used dual protection (40% exclusive condoms, 27% dual methods). Consistent condom use in the past year occurred among 61% of exclusive condom users and 27% of dual method users. Dual methods (vs exclusive condoms) was associated with some high school education [relative risk ratio (RRR)=1.69, p<0.05], living in the Southern region (RRR=1.59, p<0.01), and number of children (RRR=1.22, p<0.01), net of other factors. Consistent condom use was associated with condom use at sexual debut [adjusted odds ratio (AOR)=1.84, p<0.001], wants no (more) children (AOR=1.86, p<0.001), single/separated relationship status (AOR=2.77/ 2.45, p<0.001) and using exclusive condoms (vs dual methods: AOR=0.19, p<0.001). Conclusions Findings highlight that targeting and delivering integrated HIV and family planning services should focus on completed/large families. single/separated individuals, and promoting dual protection at sexual debut.
Editor: BMJ Publishing Group
Citation: Journal Of Family Planning Reproductive Health Care . Bmj Publishing Group, v. 42, p. 271 - 279, 2016.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1136/jfprhc-2015-101175
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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