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Type: Artigo
Title: Using Legumes As Indicators In The Seasonally Dry Vegetation Types In South America
Author: Lima
Jacira R.; Santos
Nivea D.; Tozzi
Ana M. G. A.; Mansano
Vidal F.
Abstract: The South American corridor of seasonally dry vegetation (SACSV) includes different types of physiognomies forming a continuous corridor with high biodiversity and endemism; however, little attention has been paid to the conservation of the SACSV. As this is an area with great diversity, cataloguing all the species is challenging. Thus, we suggest the use of Leguminosae species (trees and shrubs) as bioindicators of the different types of vegetation present in the area and to identify priority areas for conservation of the SACSV, since the family is highly represented in this vegetation. The study area was divided into 358 grid cells with recorded specimens. For each grid cell, species richness, taxonomic diversity, number of species restricted to one type of vegetation, and threatened and indicator species of phytogeographic domain were calculated. To determine the phytogeographic domains and indicator species, analysis of similarity, cluster and indicator species (ISA) were performed. The results show that 43% of the grid cells (154) have high biological importance for conservation (high taxonomic diversity, species richness and number of restricted species), all of which lie outside of protected areas. We identified 72 indicator species for seven floristic units, which, in general, include areas of the same phytogeographic domain, supporting the existing classification systems. We suggest that for effective conservation of biodiversity present in the SACSV, it is necessary to establish protected areas throughout the SACSV. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Dry Vegetation
Priority Areas
Editor: Elsevier Science BV
Citation: Ecological Indicators. Elsevier Science Bv, v. 73, p. 708 - 715, 2017.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.10.030
Date Issue: 2017
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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