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|Title:||Estimating Carrier Relaxation Times In The Ba8ga16ge30 Clathrate In The Extrinsic Regime|
Robert L.; Antonelli
|Abstract:||We used a semi-empirical method to extract carrier relaxation times at different temperatures (tau(T)) in thermoelectric materials from a combination of experimental results and first-principles calculations. The methodology is based on the Boltzmann transport equation formalism within the relaxation time approximation. It can be applied to single crystals and polycrystalline materials. We applied the method to investigate the electronic transport properties of the clathrate compound Ba8Ga16Ge30 type-I. The calculations indicate that the carrier relaxation process in single crystals is dominated by electron-phonon scattering (tau proportional to T-3/2), while in polycrystalline materials scattering at grain boundaries dominates (tau similar to cte). The Seebeck coefficient, electrical conductivity, and electron heat conduction are in consistent agreement with experiment. Furthermore, the Slack relation for lattice heat conductivity was successfully applied to the material. The calculated figure of merit is in good agreement with experimental results.|
|Editor:||Royal Soc Chemistry|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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