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Type: Artigo
Title: Differences In Lifestyle, Physical Performance And Quality Of Life Between Frail And Robust Brazilian Community-dwelling Elderly Women
Author: Sampaio
Priscila Yukari Sewo; Aurelio
Ricardo; Sampaio
Carvalho; Coelho
Helio Jose
Jr.; Teixeira
Luis Felipe M.; Tessutti
Vitor D.; Uchida
Marco Carlos; Arai
Abstract: To investigate the lifestyles, physical performance and quality of life (QOL) of frail and robust Brazilian community-dwelling older women, and to identify risk factors for frailty. Methods: Frailty was assessed using the Kihon Checklist. Lifestyles were assessed using a questionnaire. Physical performance was assessed by measuring walking speeds, performance on the one-leg stand test and the five-times chair stand test and handgrip strength. QOL was assessed using the Short Form-8 questionnaire. Participants were divided into frail and robust groups based on their total Kihon Checklist scores. Results: A total of 109 participants (age 70.8 +/- 6.87 years) were included in this study (robust n = 85, frail n = 24). Differences in living structures (P < 0.001), financial satisfaction (P = 0.004) and the frequencies with which participants leave the house (P < 0.001) were found between groups. The frail group had more fallers (P = 0.047), and lower engagement in physical activity (P = 0.044), lower body mass indices (P = 0.043) and poorer nutritional status (P = 0.002), whereas robust older people showed better physical performance (walking speed P < 0.001, one-leg stand P = 0.021, handgrip strength P = 0.002) and higher QOL scores (general health P = 0.005, role-physical P = 0.013, bodily pain P = 0.002, vitality P = 0.001, social functioning P = 0.001, role-emotional P = 0.008). Multivariate regression analysis identified a slow usual walking speed and bodily pain as risk factors for frailty. Conclusions: Frail participants had higher indices for being housebound, and having financial dissatisfaction, a sedentary lifestyle, falls, and malnutrition. Furthermore, they showed poorer physical performance and QOL. An early, well-focused approach is crucial, especially for older adults who walk slowly and have bodily pain to preserve health and QOL.
Subject: Elderly
Physical Performance
Quality Of Life
Editor: Wiley-Blackwell
Citation: Geriatrics & Gerontology International. Wiley-blackwell, v. 16, p. 829 - 835, 2016.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1111/ggi.12562
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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